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Advancing the Clean and Green rural sanitation framework to improve health and agricultural production: Insights from Burkina Faso

To support comprehensive management of waste-related risks and resources the Stockholm Environment Institute (SEI) developed the Clean and Green framework, aiming to promote progress in sanitation and hygiene while enabling households to benefit from safely recycling resources found in local waste flows (Dagerskog & Dickin, 2019). This framework is currently being piloted in Burkina Faso in collaboration with WaterAid and Eau Vive International (EVI).

This discussion brief presents an updated version of the Clean and Green framework. It also provides an overview of tools developed for Clean and Green diagnostics, awareness-raising and monitoring that support implementation in Burkina Faso. The next steps include an impact evaluation of the first pilot project and adapting the tools and methods for other contexts.

Key points

Integrates risk and waste resource management: Clean and Green goes beyond human excreta to include management of a wide range of other waste flows. This multiplies the benefits and avoids fragmented efforts.

Sustained engagement: Recognition for progress on household and community level provides opportunities to celebrate while keeping up momentum. Certification can also be periodically reviewed and renewed.

Benchmarking potential: Clean and Green can stimulate friendly competition at different levels.

Locally adaptable: Clean and Green emphasizes participatory approaches to identify waste and residues relevant in the local setting and appropriate ways to deal with risks and resources.

Technology-neutral: By linking certification to outcomes (indicators for reducing risks and managing resources) rather than specific technologies, Clean and Green gives flexibility with regard to preferred technological solutions.

Contributes to a range of SDGs: Managing local risks and resources has the potential to contribute to multiple sustainability goals and targets.