Large swathes of the Horn of Africa are currently in the midst of a drought, and around 15 million people are facing food and water shortages. It is a humanitarian crisis with no signs of improving during 2017.
Today more than half of the planet’s inhabitants live in cities. The world-wide migration of rural people to cities is particular prominent in Africa and Asia. Some are “pushed” there because of poor security and shortage of food, whereas others are “pulled” to the city for example because of better job opportunities.
In Uganda swine is a major protein source and is kept by ca 19 per cent of the rural population. Estimations say that about two million pigs are kept in Uganda. From the governmental side pig is recommended as being ideal for poorer people, but also for bigger production, due to the large litter sizes and that they reach slaughter weight fast.
Indigenous livestock breeds are well adapted to tropical and harsh environments, but usually rather unproductive. Therefore, crossbreeding with exotic breeds has been practiced, and often found to be successful in the first generation, but with disastrous results later on.
Reproduction is a key parameter determining the level of production and profitability in a dairy herd. Low fertility leads to productivity losses which can be directly translated into economic loss of great magnitude, and it is also the major reason for involuntary culling of dairy cows.