When we talk about food security we tend to think about livestock or land production. However, many people around the world, especially those in coastal areas, also heavily rely on fish and seafood.
Droughts, heat, erratic rainfall and floods can leave cows, sheep and goats with little to graze on. Changing climate will affect production of feed for livestock too. Harsh and extreme weather conditions can also reduce reproductive ability and undermine health of animals.
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Livestock are essential for food and nutrition security in sub-Saharan Africa. They serve multiple purposes and are economically important, contributing 20–40% of agricultural gross domestic product (GDP) – in some countries, up to 80%.